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[初三英语]名师点拨 unit9

发布时间:2010年08月26日 10:26 | 来源: 少儿台

教材分析(教学要求)

  

  重点1    你早上上学经常做什么

  你喜欢早上起床来学校上学吗?喜欢。为什么呢?不喜欢。又是为什么呢?来学校之前你都做些什么事情呢?

  What do you often do in the morning before school?

  Do you like mornings? Why or why not?


  任务设计:

  在完成这个任务之前,有两点你心中要明确:第一,这个任务是考查你对以前学过的相关的动词短语的积累。第二,应该用一般现在时来谈论,因为一般现在时,用于经常,反复发生的动作。

  任务Ⅰ.  请列举一些谈论这个话题的词组

  ___________  ___________  ___________  ___________

  ___________  ___________  ___________  ___________

  ___________  ___________  ___________  ___________

  

  重点2.  请尝试谈论上周某个早上你的一些经历

  看了“经历”两个字把你吓坏了吧!是不是老师跟我玩深沉呢?答案是否定的。其实很简单,就是一个小故事罢了。上周的某个早上发生了一些什么事情了呢。你睡过头啦?等你起床,你发现妈妈已经把早饭都做好啦?你急急忙忙扒了两口米饭,出门赶车,结果发现300公交车已经开走啦?诸如这样的小事情。最后你来个总结:上周几我有一个怎样的早晨:快乐的,忙碌的,糟糕的……

  任务Ⅱ.  请根据上文的讲解,写一篇70字左右的小文章,介绍你上周某个早上的一些经历。

I had a ______ morning last ______.

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________.

  

  重点3.  你当过apple fool吗?

  西方的人似乎属于一个比较会玩乐享受的民族。单从他们的一些搞笑的节日,我们就能窥见一斑了。就象开玩笑的愚人节,扮鬼吓人的万圣节等等。你知道西方的愚人节吗?下面,就让我们先来看一篇有关愚人节的小文章吧!

April First

  On April First, people in western countries try to play trick on others. If one succeeds in tricking somebody, one laughs and says, ”April

  Fool!” The following is one example of tricks people usually play.

  One April 1st, a country bus is going along a road. It slows down and stops. The driver anxiously turns switches an presses buttons, but nothing happens. Then he looks worried on his face and says to the passengers, “ This poor bus is getting old. It isn’t going well now. There is only one thing we can do if we want to get home early today. I shall count three, and on the word “three”, I want all of you to lean forward suddenly. This will make the bus start again. Now, all of you lean back as far as you can in your seats and get ready.”

  The passengers all press back against their seats and wait anxiously.

  The driver goes to the front and asks,” Are you ready?”

  “One! Two! Three!” counts the driver. The passengers all lean forward suddenly, and the bus starts at a great speed.

  The passengers breathe more easily and begin to smile with relief. But their smile turns to surprise and then laughter when the driver merrily cries,” April Fool!”

  任务Ⅲ.  阅读上面的文章,将下列各句补充完整。

  1.In western countries people usually try to _____________ on others on April 1st.

  2.If one succeeds in tricking somebody, one laughs and says, _____________.

  3.One April 1 st, a country bus is going along a road. It _______down and stops.

  4.The driver says,” There is only one thing we can do if we want to get home today. I shall ____________, and on the word ”three”, I want all of you to __________ forward suddenly.”

  5.The passengers all lean forward suddenly, and the bus _________ at a great speed.

  6.But their smile turns to surprise and then _________ when the driver merrily cries, “ April Fool!”

  

  任务Ⅳ.   你在愚人节那天,有没有被别人开过玩笑呢?或者开过哪个朋友的玩笑呢?在日常生活中,人们会遇到很多尴尬之制,你是否有过这样的经历,能告诉我们吗?

 

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________.

  难点1.   过去完成时

  本单元我们引入了一个新的时态,即过去完成时。只要记住关键的五个字就一切尽在掌握中了:(动作发生在)过去的过去。

  比如:I went to bed at 10:00 last night.

     My brother went to bed at 9:00 last night.

  上面的两个句子都是用的一般过去时,因为讲述的是过去某个时间发生了什么事情。请你动脑筋:是“我睡觉”这个动作发生在前呢,还是“我弟弟睡觉 ”这个动作发生在前呢?当然是“我弟弟睡觉”在前咯!

  对啦,所以我们把上面两句合二为一就成了:By the time I went to bed, my brother had already gone to bed. ( 到我上床睡觉的时候为止,我弟弟已经上床睡觉了。)。

  后半句之所以用“had already gone “, 即用了过去完成时,是因为“我弟弟睡觉”这个动作发生在 “我睡觉”这个过去动作的“过去”,所以就叫“过去的过去”。

  另外,还有一种情况,也用过去完成时。请看例句:

  Sally: Jimmy has run out of money.

  萨利:吉米已经把钱花光了。

  Tom : What did Sally say just now?

  汤姆:萨利刚才说什么呢?

  You:  Sally said Jimmy had run out of money.

  你:萨利说吉米已经把钱花光了。

  由此可见,宾语从句中,从句用现在完成时的,在变成间接引语时,从句也要变成过去完成时。

  过去完成时是怎么构成的呢?比现在完成时简单多了!

  主语 + had + (already) + 过去分词

  不管主语是第几人称,也不管主语是单数还是复数,通通都用had,还不简单吗?至于过去分词,大家就记住课本上P69页,grammar focus里的四个就可以了,其他的过去分词,碰到一个,就记住一个,这样才能轻松愉快地学习。

  

  难点2. 一般现在时vs一般过去时vs现在完成时vs过去完成时

  前三个时态都是我们以前学习过了,在这里就不一一细讲了,为了检测一下大家对前三种旧时态和本单元新时态掌握的情况,特此设计了四组任务,希望你能够很好地完成!

  

  任务Ⅴ.  请用70个字描述一下你来学校上学之前做些什么事情。

  

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________.

 

  任务Ⅵ.  请打开你的课本,P74,2,看书上的7幅图,描述一下上周某个早上Ming’s Story.

  提示词组:woke up, rushed off to school, arrived at, realized, spent time with friend, had a meal with, watched TV, went to bed

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________.

  任务Ⅶ. Tina’s Story  

  请把你的课本翻到P67-68,听听力1b,2a,2b, 并结合2c , 写一个关于Tina的小故事。

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________.

  任务Ⅷ.  请根据实际情况回答下列问题。

  1.Have you ever overslept?

  _______________________________________________.

  2.Have you ever been late for school?

  _______________________________________________.

  3.Have you ever forgotten to bring your homework to school?

  _______________________________________________.

  4.Have you ever locked your keys in your house?

  _______________________________________________.

  5.Have you ever forgotten a relative’s birthday?

  _______________________________________________.

  6.Have you ever forgotten a doctor’s or dentist’s appointment?

  _______________________________________________.

  


参考答案

  任务Ⅰ.  wake up, get up, sleep late, take a shower, have a shower, wash one’s face, brush one’s teeth, cook breakfast, prepare breakfast, make breakfast, have breakfast, go to school, get to school, be busy

  任务Ⅱ.

  I had a terrible morning last Wednesday. I overslept. When I got up, my mother had cooked breakfast. But I had no time to have breakfast. When I got to the bus stop, the bus had just left. I had to wait for the next bus. When I got to school, the bell had already ring. Oh, dear, I was late for school. And of course when I got to the classroom, my teacher had begun her class.

  任务Ⅲ.

  play tricks, April Fool, slows, count three, lean, starts, laughter

  任务Ⅳ. (略)

  任务Ⅴ. 一般现在时

  My Story

  I have a busy morning. My alarm clock goes off at 6:20, but I usually get up at 6:30. Next, I take a shower, brush my teeth and wash my face. Then, I have a quick breakfast. It’s far away from my house to school. So I take the bus. I walk to the bus station and take the bus at around 7:00. It usually takes me 20 minutes to get to school by bus. I get to class at 7:25, but we start class at 8:00. So I have never been late for school.

  任务Ⅵ.  一般过去时

  Ming’s Story

  Ming is a girl student. Yesterday she woke up at 10:00. She was afraid of being late for school. She rushed off to school by bike without eating breakfast. When she got to school, she realized it was Sunday. So she went to her friend’s house near school. They spent time with each other. In the afternoon, she went back home. Her grandparents cooked a nice dinner. They had a delicious dinner at half past six. Then she started to watch TV. She felt a little tired, so she went to bed at ten o’clock.

  任务Ⅶ. 过去完成时和一般过去时

  Tina’s Story

  Tina looked stressed out today, because she had a bad morning. First of all, she overslept. By the time she got up, her brother had already gotten in the shower. After he got out of the shower, she took a quick shower and got dressed. But by the time she went outside, the bus had already left. So she ran all the way to school. But when she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home. So she ran home to get her backpack. But when she got home, she realized she had left her keys in the backpack. So she ran back to school without her keys or her backpack. And by the time she got back to school, the bell had rung. And by the time she walked into class, the teacher had started teaching already. She asked for their homework, but she didn’t have it. What a bad day!

  任务Ⅷ.  现在完成时  ( 略 )

责编:陈喆

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