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[初一英语] Unit 24 Where did you go on Vacation?(第三课时)

发布时间:2010年05月12日 10:53 | 来源:

第三课时:Where did you go on vacation?

执教人 张淑会 刘梅 立松玲 葛艳霞 杨金泉
I.教材分析:

Language topic:  Can use the past tense freely..

Language strategies: Talk about past events.

Main vocabulary: discuss, walk, corner, crowded, expensive, delicious

II.语言结构: do, go, be 的一般过去时态的用法。

III.语言功能:运用一般过去时态进行交际.

IV. Teaching steps:

Step 1:Greetings.

Step 2: New teaching:

4. I found a little boy crying in the corner.

 我发现一个小男孩在角落里哭.

found 是find 的过去式,常使用的句型是find sb. Doing 意思是发现某人在干某事.

例如:He found a dead dog lying on the road.

        他发现一死狗躺在路上.

  The teacher found some boys playing basketball on the playground .

老师发现几个男孩在操场打球.

(2) in the corner 在句子中指的是屋子内的角落,在"角落",根据不同的位置,可以表达为:at the corner, un the corner

 例如 .There is a post office at the corner of the street.

在街道拐角处有个邮局.

   I saw a box on the corner of the desk.

我看见桌子角上有个盒子.

5. He was lost and I helped him find his father.

他走丢了,我帮助他找到了父亲.

lost 是过去分词, 在句子中充当形容词,走丢的,丢失的.即可以做定语,也可以做表语.

例如. My bike was lost last week.

  我的自行车上周丢了.

 Can we find the lost key?

 我们能找到丢失的钥匙吗?

(3) help help sb. do是固定句式.意思是帮助做也可以写成help sb. to do 例如:

Let me help you find him.

 让我帮助你找到他.

We helped farmers to pick apples.

上周我们帮农民摘苹果.

6.  That made feel very happy.

     那使我感到非常高兴.

made 是make的过去式. make sb. do是固定词组.意思是使某人做某事.例如:

My father made me read English this morning.

 今天上午父亲使我读英语.

I am feeling trouble now,我现在感到很难受.

Feel在句中是系动词,后面通常跟形容词,类似的还有 sound,  look等.

例如.  That sounds wonderful.

   那听起来棒极了.

  He looks so cool .

   他看起来是那么酷。

7. I didn’t have any money for a taxi ,so I walked back to the hotel .

我没有钱坐出租车。

have money  for sth .是固定句式,也可写成have money to do

sth . 意思是“有干某事的钱”或“有钱做某事”,例如:

We don’t have money for a car .

我们没钱买车。

Li Lei has enough money to travel around the world .

李雷有足够的钱环游世界。

walk to sw . 意思是 “步行去某地” , 也可写成:go to sw. on foot ,某地是地方副词,则to 可以省略,例如:

Let’s walk back home .

咱们步行回家吧

Shall we walk or ride a bike ?

我们是步行还是骑车?

类似的词组还有:welcome back to sw . 等,例如:

Welcome back to school .

 欢迎回到学校里来.

8. Today the weather was cool , so we decided to play tennis .

今天天气很凉快,所以我们决定打网球.

cool 是形容词”凉快.凉爽”的意思.

例如: In England, it’s neither too cold or too hot, It’s cool.

在英国,天气不热也不冷, 是凉爽的.

decide to do, 是固定句式, 意思是决定干-----, 后面可以加特殊疑问句,再加不定式.

例如: I decided not to go to school today.

我决定今天不去上学. 

We decided where to go tomorrow.

我们决定了明天去哪里.

All 的用法. 

(1)all做形容词,意思是"全部的,所有的" .可以跟可数名词,也可以很不可数名词.通常在all 和名词之间加the.

 例如. All the student went hone on Sunday.

         所有的学生星期天都回家了.

   He drank all the wine in the house.

         他把家中所有的白酒喝光了.

注意. all 修饰时间是名词时, 时间名词必须用单数,且不加冠词.

例如:It was hot and sunny all day.

全天气温很高, 天气晴朗.

Some of the animals sleep all winter.

 有些动物整个冬天都睡.

   (2)all 作代词,通常视为复数形式,意思是全体人员,所有东西,作为代词的all若用all of, 后面用宾格,all做同位语时,通常位于实意动词前,be 动词后.

   (3)all 作 副词时, 意思是完全地.

例如: They left the boy all by himself.

 他们把婴儿单独留下.

(4) all 的固定词组,如:of all ----- 在所有的----当中,all together,全部在一起, not at all根本,一点也不, all over遍及  all right.健康良好的.

例如: Of all the people, I only know him.

     在所有人中,我只认识他.

I am not hungry at all.

 我根本不饿.

You look pale, are you all right?

你看起来苍白,你好吗?

help 的用法:

(1)help 是及物动词, 后面直接跟宾语, 意思是帮助某人做----,帮某人的忙.

例如:I will help you later.

以后我会帮助你的.

He helped the old man upstairs.

 他帮助老人上楼.

(2) help sb. to do 帮助某人做----,后面跟不定式,也可以省to.  例如:

   Can you help me to learn English?

   你能帮助我学习英语吗?

help to do 意思是帮忙做_----.

例如:Lin Tao helped to wash the car.

林涛帮助洗车.

help with 帮助做------.

例如: Can you help me with my English?

你能帮助我学英语吗?

          I often help mum with some housework.

          我经常帮助妈妈做家务.

(5) help 常与 can’t   一起用,表示禁不住做----.经常和反身代词或动名词一起用.

 例如 She couldn’t help jumping when she heard the news.

当她听到这个消息时,忍不住跳了起来.

Step 8: Let’s see what we’ve learned today. (Ask the students to sum by themselves)

Words:

Sentences:

Something else:

Questions:

Step 8: Homework.

1. Ask the students to remember the new words.

2. Practise the dialogue in pairs.

3. Exercises.

教后一得:本节课的重点是find sb. doing, 类似的还有hear sb. doing,

see sb. doing, 意思是看到某人在干某事。应该区别与 find sb. do, see sb. do .hear sb. do

责编:胡悦

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